The Chinese pear, or Pears Nashi, is especially actively cultivated in China, in Korea, Japan and Israel. The fruits of this pear variety overtake European varieties in popularity, which is due to excellent taste and a wonderful appearance. The ancestor of this plant is considered to be the Yamanashi pear, characterized by astringency of taste and hardness of the pulp. Chinese breeders managed to develop varieties on the basis of Yamanashi that retained excellent taste and are almost completely devoid of the disadvantages of parental culture.
Feature and Features
The Chinese pear is very useful and is represented by two dozen varieties, the distinguishing features of which are the rounded shape of the fruit and the light yellow surface color. Usually, the skin of a ripe fruit has slight brownish spots. The Pears Nashi pear has a fairly dense white pulp, characterized by excellent juiciness and sweetness, as well as an almost complete absence of acid. The average weight of a marketable fruit, depending on the variety, can vary from 190 to 305 g. At the stage of complete ripening, the fruits are very fragrant.
Other names for the Chinese pear are also quite common. For many gardeners, this variety is known as Nashi, Nashi, Asian, Japanese, Taiwanese, or Sand Pear. Plants Pears Nashi in the conditions of home gardening proved to be positive due to the increased yield, excellent winter hardiness, early entry into fruiting, excellent resistance to the most common diseases and pests in our country. Chinese pear trees are well adapted for drought.
An important value of this fruit crop is the suitability of the harvest for transportation over fairly long distances. However, it is important to remember that fully ripened fruits do not tolerate long-term storage in room conditions too well. When stored in a cool room, commercial qualities and palatability can be maintained for two weeks.
Pear: variety selection
Benefit and harm
Like other popular garden crops, Pears Nashi has a large number of useful properties, but it is not without some significant disadvantages. The undoubted advantages of the Chinese pear are:
- a positive effect on the digestive system;
- a beneficial effect on the fetus during pregnancy due to the relatively high content of folic acid in the pulp;
- good strengthening of immunity and increase the protective functions of the body due to a significant amount of vitamin C;
- improvement of the general condition of teeth, nails, hair and bone tissue, which is due to the high levels of calcium in the pulp;
- a sufficient amount of phosphorus has a positive effect on the processes of protein synthesis, the formation of bone and muscle tissue and metabolic processes;
- potassium and magnesium contained in ripe fruits contribute to the normalization of the cardiovascular system and significantly reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
The calorie content of Pears Nashi is quite low, which allows the use of the Chinese pear in the diet of people with obesity and atherosclerosis. However, it should be remembered that Pears Nashi can be harmful when prone to diarrhea and flatulence, and immature fruits often cause indigestion. It is not recommended to use the fruits of Pears Nashi with individual intolerance.
Currently, more than a hundred varieties of Chinese pears are cultivated on the territory of foreign countries, which differ in both the size and taste of the fruit, and the ripening period, as well as yield indicators. Nevertheless, in rather difficult soil and climatic conditions of our country, less than ten varieties of Pears Nashi have become widespread. The main advantages of these varieties are undemanding to soil and climatic conditions, a high level of productivity, early maturity of plants and decent resistance to many diseases and plant parasites.
|Variety name Pears Nashi||Tree description||Fruit characterization||Harvesting||Storage duration|
|"Big Korean"||Actively growing, resistant to diseases and pests, early fruiting||Large, rounded, golden in color with small dots on the surface, sweet-sour taste, with a dense and juicy pulp. Weight 175−205 g||The second decade of September||Until mid-January|
|"Hosui"||Self-pollinating, winter-hardy and early-born, with unevenly ripening fruits||Medium in size, with a rich bronze-brown surface and a sweet, very hard flesh. Weight 165-195 g||From mid-August to the second decade of September||Until the first decade of December|
|"Kosui"||Very early, with excellent winter hardiness and resistance to diseases and pests||Medium in size, with a yellow-bronze surface and a sweet, fairly dense, but juicy pulp. Weight 135-165 g||From the second half of July to the first of August||Fruits are not suitable for long-term storage.|
|"Morning freshness"||Partially self-fertile, frost-resistant, with a low risk of fungal and bacterial diseases||Small in size, with glossy bright green skin and small grayish dots on the surface. Weight 105−155g||Starting in the middle of the last summer month||No more than one month|
|"Far Eastern"||A complex hybrid form of the Ussuri, Chinese and European pears, forming a comfortable crown. Grade with|
high winter hardiness, early maturity and productivity
|Medium in size with marketable appearance and excellent taste.||From mid-August to the second decade of September||Short keeping time|
Nutritional value and calorie content
Before properly assessing the nutritional value and benefits of this fruit crop, you should understand how many total calories and other components the pulp of the fruit contains. The ripe pulp of Pears Nashi contains 0.37 g of ash, 3.65 g of dietary fiber and 88.3 g of water, in addition, the Chinese pear is rich in choline, niacin equivalent, folic acid, pyridoxine, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, thiamine, ascorbic acid , phylloquinone and alpha tocopherol. The quantitative content of proteins, fats and carbohydrates is 0.5 g, 0.23 g and 7.05 g, respectively. The total calorie content of fresh produce does not exceed 42 kcal.
Pear: useful properties
Varieties with hard flesh do not have a pronounced aroma and are widely used in salads, sauces and side dishes. Chinese pear can be fried, as well as caramelized with the addition of ginger and sugar. Fruits are often used as a tasty and healthy filling in the preparation of all kinds of pastries. Pears Nashi is great for stewing or baking.