Sweet peppers, which are also called Bulgarian, are presented on the seed market in many varieties and hybrids. And few of them meet such requirements as large size, large thickness of their walls, great taste and versatility of fruits. One of the varieties, or rather, hybrids, which falls under this description, is Kakadu pepper from the producer of seeds of the agricultural company Gavrish.
Description of Cockatoo Pepper
The Kakadu pepper variety is a hybrid culture that combines the rather large sizes of the plant and fruits with the excellent taste and technical qualities of the latter. The yield of this variety exceeds 2.5 kg of marketable peppers from one bush! It is these reviews of numerous gardeners who have already managed to get acquainted with this variety, called the most important advantage of the hybrid.
Pepper bush looks impressive. Its height reaches one and a half meters, and the stem practically does not branch in the lower part, because of which the plant looks like a compact tree with a green trunk and branches. Despite such an impressive size, the variety practically does not need a garter even during the pouring period. Its stems and trunk are strong enough, as they contain a large amount of hard fibers.
The hybrid begins to bear fruit early - about 3 months after sowing the seeds. The manufacturer declares that full ripening of the first fruits occurs on 110-120 days after sowing, however, under favorable conditions, this moment may occur earlier by 1.5-2 weeks.
The fruits of the Kakadu hybrid are similar in shape to the beak of a bird, after which pepper got its name - cylindrical, narrowed towards the end and slightly curved. Large and thick-walled, they reach 35 cm in length. Moreover, they have quite thick and juicy walls - up to 1 cm! The weight of one fruit reaches 500 g, but in most cases such giants grow only at the beginning of fruiting, at the very height of the ripening of the crop, peppers weigh an average of 300-400 grams. Their taste is sweet, with a typical taste for the culture.
The hybrid is very fond of warmth and practically does not tolerate short-term cooling. Therefore, it is recommended to grow it in greenhouses or under film shelter. In the open ground in the middle lane, Kakadu pepper does not have time to give the whole crop, suffers from cooling at night and sets small twisted fruits.
Agrofirma Gavrish has created two varieties of the Kakadu hybrid - yellow and red. Taste and agricultural techniques of both varieties are the same.
The technology for growing Kakadu peppers differs little from other varieties of sweet peppers. First you need to sow the seeds for seedlings, and then place them in the greenhouse and care for them according to your needs.
Before sowing, seeds of Kakadu pepper, purchased in original packaging, do not need additional processing, since AF Gavrish exposes its seeds to heat and to pickle from diseases and pests. Sowing should begin in mid-February.
Important! In this period of light for seedlings may not be enough, so you need to take care of the illumination of seedlings phytolamps.
Soil for seedlings must be loose, nutritious and preferably treated with Phytosporin or other drugs that can destroy infections in the soil. The second method of disinfection is soil calcination followed by watering the soil with humic fertilizers.
Seeds after being placed in boxes with prepared soil moisturize and maintain in this state, preventing dryness. The temperature should not be lower than 20 degrees. Under such conditions, seedlings appear after a week. After that, the temperature is reduced to 18 degrees, but the lighting is increased to a maximum by means of fitolamps. The longitude of the day should be at least 14 hours!
It is recommended to water the seedlings daily in the morning with settled warm water. Top dressing, if the soil mixture was prepared using rotted humus and humato, is not needed. Otherwise, it may be necessary to fertilize with organo-mineral fertilizers for peppers or seedlings of vegetables.
Periodically, seedlings are recommended to be turned relative to the light source. This will help her develop in proportion.
When 6 or more true leaves appear on seedlings, it can be planted in open ground. It is preliminarily recommended to harden it by taking it out to fresh air or opening the vents.
The timing of planting Kakadu pepper in open ground or a greenhouse depends on the climatic conditions of the region. In the southern districts, planting is carried out from mid to late May, in the suburbs and in the middle lane - until mid-June.
The planting scheme for this variety of pepper meets the standards for planting large peppers. In a row between plants, it is recommended to leave a distance of about 60 cm, and between rows - at least 1 meter. Landing should be done in cloudy weather either early in the morning or in the evening, when the brightness of the sun will be minimal.
Before placing seedlings in prepared pits, they must be generously shed with water. After the peppers are planted, watering is repeated, and the soil surface is mulched with a thick layer of humus.
Pepper Care during the Summer
Kakadu pepper variety is a demanding plant that needs regular watering and top dressing. You need to water the plants 2-3 times a week, but very, very generously, literally to the state of "swamp". Water should be warm - from 18 degrees and above. Once every two weeks, watering is combined with top dressing:
- in the first month after planting - infusion of chicken manure with the addition of ammonium nitrate;
- with the beginning of flowering, potassium salt and phosphorus are added to the litter infusion;
- when fruit is set, the proportion of phosphorus and potassium is increased, and ammonium nitrate is completely excluded from the composition of the nutrient mixture.
However, even generous top dressing and watering cannot provide a rich harvest. A bush of pepper Kakadu needs to be correctly formed - to remove weak side shoots, as well as all branches that grow below the ovaries. When pouring fruits, it is recommended to remove them at the stage of technical ripeness, when they become light green in color, and their skin becomes glossy.
Diseases and pests of cockatoo pepper
Subject to agricultural technology, pepper is rarely affected by diseases, however, in adverse planting years, it may suffer from late blight. To avoid this infection, which is dangerous for peppers, it is recommended to treat the plants with Bordeaux mixture once every 10 days when wet and cool weather occurs. When signs of the disease appear, peppers need to be treated with special preparations - Barrier and Phyto-Doctor.
No less dangerous disease for pepper is vertex rot. You can get rid of it with the help of copper sulphate, which is used to process not only plants, but also the soil under them, as well as the internal surfaces of the greenhouse.
In the fight against pepper pests such as aphid and spider mite, gardeners help drugs Karbofos and Actellik. In addition, spraying peppers with ash liquor gives a good effect.
How to plant pepper
Kakadu Pepper Reviews
According to the majority of gardeners who cultivated this hybrid, a cockatoo can be called one of the most beautiful and productive varieties that not only look beautiful, but impress with a harmonious taste. The only problem that summer residents may encounter when growing this variety is its high heat demand, which is almost impossible to provide in open ground. However, this problem can be solved by planting peppers in a greenhouse.
Yellow or red Kakadu pepper is a real giant that will decorate with its presence not only greenhouses and beds in the open ground, but also cans with pickles. Tasty and juicy fruits of this hybrid harmoniously fit into salads, preparations and sauces, and are also excellent in full-canned canning and stuffed with any filling.